High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the most influential risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Not healthy lifestyle is the main triggering factors of this health disorder.
Most hypertension sufferers did not know he suffered from the problem before checking blood pressure. Disturbance is also known as heterogeneous group of diseases that can affect anyone from different age groups and socio-economic groups.
Hypertension is a condition when the body loses or unable to control the blood pressure so that excessive pressure. As a result, blood volume increases and narrows blood vessels so the heart to pump harder to supply oxygen and nutrients to every cell in the body.
While blood pressure is measured by the pressure of the blood vessel wall (in mmHg). Number 120 / 80 mmHg is normal blood pressure that occurs when the heart pumps (systole) and resting (diastole).
"If the blood pressure exceeds normal levels, the risk of damage can occur in vital organs in the body such as heart, kidney, and brain," said cardiologist and hypertension from the National Heart Hospital Center, Harapan Kita, Prof. Dr. Dr. Budhi Setianto SpJP.(Hospitals in Indonesia)
High blood pressure will cause heart swelling, constriction of blood vessels, and coronary. Complications such combination could increase the number of deaths due to cardiovascular disease and heart failure. Therefore, early recognition of hypertension and handling can reduce mortality.
Unfortunately, the lack of knowledge often makes people ignore the complications of hypertension and the use thereof. Actually not a difficult matter to control blood pressure to normal.
Changing unhealthy lifestyle and return to a healthy lifestyle is a major step that can be done to reduce the risk of cardiovascular morbidity (pain), and mortality (
"Lifestyle modification consisting of diet control regulate body weight, reduce alcohol, and exercise," said Budhi when touched on hypertension prevention efforts.
Globalization is already causing changes in lifestyle and diet. Food intake is often associated with diseases, including hypertension.
Hypertension is closely related to minerals ions in the body such as sodium, sodium, Chlor, phosphorus, and potassium. Therefore, hypertension associated with salt intake, especially salt. In normal adult salt intake is needed 2 grams / day, but still tailored to the activity undertaken.
For example, athletes who spend a lot of sweat salt intake will require approximately 6-8 grams / day. Salt intake is required for the needs of everyday activity as sodium balance out in the form of urine, sweat, and feces.
Incoming salt must be balanced with the salt out. Actually need salt in the body are fulfilled in the diet daily. Vegetables, rice, wheat, beans, bread or other foods is enough to supply the needs of salt in the body. However, often times people add salt at the table for more tasty food and delicious. Adding soy intake could increase sodium and chlorida.
This condition causes excessive salt intake in the body. If the condition continues, meaning more salt than required will cause metabolic disturbances. One consequence is high blood pressure. Therefore, hypertension Fransisca not recommend adding more salt to the food.
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